Dietetics and Nutrition

Nutritional Physiology

Lecture, 2.00 ECTS

 

Course content

The students
- can name and distinguish between afferent and efferent control mechanisms of food intake and describe the physiology of hunger/feeling of hunger, thirst and thirst regulation
- acquire physiological knowledge of taste and smell, the associated disorders and resulting clinical consequences, gastrointestinal motility from the act of swallowing to the rectum including the associated control mechanisms
- can describe the digestive physiology including liver, gall and pancreas
- can present the physiology of digestion and resorption of individual food ingredients and their metabolism
- are able to integrate the physiological knowledge acquired in practical case examples and use their physiological knowledge in dietetic diagnosis

Learning outcomes

This module provides students with knowledge of special functions and regulatory mechanisms of the digestive system and metabolism. The students also gain an insight into work in a clinical chemistry lab. The basic theoretical knowledge acquired in the field of clinical chemical analysis and hematological and hemostaseological analysis will be consolidated in practical exercises. Students examine the biochemical background of the metabolism of different foods. The organisation, functions and regulatory mechanisms of cells are used as a basis to describe the intake and transformation of different food classes, in particular in the citrate cycle and the respiratory chain. The degradation and biosynthesis of carbohydrates, lipids, amino acids and nucleotides will be discussed in detail. The module is complemented by selected aspects such as molecular genetics or biochemical fundamentals of vitamins, hormones and signal substances. In addition to the work/textbook, special emphasis is placed on using relevant web resources and associated English terminology.

The students
- are familiar with the nomenclature, physiological correlations and significance of nutritional physiology in general and for their field in particular
- are able to use physiological terms correctly
- understand functional relationships and are able to describe them correctly in discussion with other professional groups (especially doctors and members of other health professions)
- gain an insight into general clinical chemistry and clinical chemical analysis
- practise methods of hematological and hemostaseological analysis
- learn the fundamentals of microscopy, urine analysis and POCT
- are able to name relevant screening tests
- have gained an understanding of biochemical processes in the metabolism of the human organism (digestion, citrate cycle and respiratory chain)
- are familiar with the metabolism of polysaccharides, carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, amino acids and nucleotides
- learn about the biochemical background of selected diseases caused by metabolic malfunctions
- are able to base their recommendations and advice on biochemical principles

Recommended or required reading and other learning resources / tools

Books, journals and relevant current primary literature will be announced by the lecturers at the start of the course or are included in the relevant syllabus.

Mode of delivery

VO

Prerequisites and co-requisites

M02, M03, M04, M08

Assessment methods and criteria

Written/oral