Occupational Therapy

Anatomy and Physiology of the Musculoskeletal and Nervous Systems

Lecture, 4.00 ECTS


Course content

The students
• explore the fundamentals of examining and assessing the healthy active and passive musculoskeletal system as well as the peripheral and central nervous system
• explore the osteology of macerated specimens (isolated bones and framed skeleton parts) using lateral diagnosis
• detect individual differences in individual models
• explore the arthrology of specimens including biomechanical aspects
• explore the myology of muscle specimens including morphological and functional aspects
• reproduce the course of peripheral nerves on muscle specimens using strings
• apply the knowledge acquired on specimens at the anatomical institute

Lecture with sketches and drawings, notes, explanation of models and specimens, presentations, application of knowledge on specimens at the anatomical institute.

Learning outcomes

In this module students are made familiar with the anatomical and physiological fundamentals of the musculoskeletal and nervous systems. They learn methods to observe and analyse human movements and describe them using professional terminology.
Cognitive level:
The students
• acquire knowledge of anatomical fundamentals, osteology, arthrology and myology
• acquire knowledge of neuroanatomy
• learn verbal and tactile-kinesthetic instruction of movement transitions.
• acquire knowledge of dealing with feedback for the support of motor learning.
Psychomotor level:
The students
• develop knowledge of osteology based on macerated specimens and detect isolated differences in individual models
• develop knowledge of arthrology based on specimens
• reproduce the course of peripheral nerves on muscle specimens
• apply the method of instruction of motor sequences.
• can observe and analyse human movements and describe them using professional terminology.
Affective level:
The students
• experience themselves in dealing with biological material.
• become aware of ethical aspects when dealing with human specimens.
• reflect on their own experiences with health and sickness.
• experience possibilities to cope with emotionally stressful situations
• experience the effects of “being moved” and “moving” in self-experiments.
• experience themselves in the role of patient and therapist.

Contribution to the acquisition of competences according to FH-MTD-AV Annex 5, 8 and 9: FMK2, FMK6, FMK5, FMK8

Recommended or required reading and other learning resources / tools

Books, journals and relevant primary literature will be announced by the lecturers at the start of the course or are included in the relevant syllabus.

Mode of delivery


Prerequisites and co-requisites


Assessment methods and criteria

written or oral module exam