Mass Spectrometry and Molecular Analysis

Chemistry and stoichiometry

Integrated course, 7.00 ECTS

 

Course content

Organic Chemistry:
- Stereochemistry
- Heterocycles
- Structure of biomolecules and their chemical potential
- Chemical bonding in organic molecules
- Classification and properties of substance classes
- Alkanes, alkenes and alkynes
- Cycloalkanes and aromatics
- Important functional groups and their reactions
- Important reaction mechanisms of organic chemistry
- Simple chemical synthesis processes

Physical Chemistry:
- Chemical catalysis
- The Gibbs function and its role in chemical reactions
- Kinetics of chemical reactions
- Theory of chemical bonding
- The laws of thermodynamics

Stoichiometry:
- Calculation of aqueous mixtures
- Calculation of complex kinetic processes
- Calculation of enzyme-catalyzed reactions
- Working with equilibrium constants
- Calculation of acid / base reactions
- The pH concept and calculation of buffer systems
- Calculate of redox reactions
- Calculation of basic kinetic processes

Learning outcomes

As a preparation for the following core modules and modules of both the areas of specialisation, the students will be taught, depending on prior knowledge, in two introductory components in chemistry and molecular techniques. In both areas basic knowledge from bachelor studies will be revived, interconnected to higher cognitive levels to enable a broad competence network necessary for understanding and performing modern bioanalytical and molecular applications.
The introductory courses in chemistry focus on stoichiometry, physical chemistry and organic chemistry. The students can perform serial dilutions and buffer solutions for a given problem and identify problems associated with these tasks. The students are able to form a chemical reaction equation, to parameterize them correctly, to carry out the appropriate calculations and to suggest consequences of concentration changes and other parameters on reaction balance. Students can discuss chemical bindings in organic molecules, can assign functional groups to characteristic reactions, can apply important types of reaction and can designate reaction products including their stereochemistry. In the area of biological foundations the students understand the structure of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells both from the chemical and biological view, can assign suprameolecular structures and cell organelles to their function, can describe the mechanisms of important cellular processes (cell division, membrane transport, metabolism) and identify relevant interactions and possible problems. Based on the central dogmas of molecular cell biology and genetics the students can analyze gene expression regulation and suggest methods for studying gene expression changes. The students can plan basic gene and molecular biological technologies and suggest relevant quality control measures.