Internship and Lessons Learned in Nuclear Medicine

Internship, 3.00 ECTS


Course content

According to Ordinance on Education for Allied Health Professions at Universities of Applied Sciences (FH-MTD-AV) Annex 12 … a minimum of 50 examinations in at least five of the following organ areas: skeletal system, endocrine system, cardiovascular system, respiratory tract, urogenital tract, lymphatic system, gastrointestinal tract, hematopoietic system, central nervous system. The internship is reflected in the form of a written assignment, individual conversations and plenary input. The key aim is to combine theory and practice with a focus on dealing with patients, crisis management and coping strategies.

Learning outcomes

(XI) Competencies in nuclear medicine in the professional field of radiography
1. The graduate prepares and administers radiopharmaceutical drugs in accordance with the Medicinal Products Act and the radiation protection guidelines.
2. The graduate understands the measurement methods of nuclear medicine using gamma counters, gamma cameras, positron emission tomography (including hybrid devices) and is able to apply them in medical/scientific/ veterinary medical contexts.
3. The graduate applies nuclear medicine imaging using gamma cameras, positron emission tomography (including hybrid devices) under the aspects of radiation protection, patient safety and maximum information gain.
4. The graduate understands nuclear medicine imaging using gamma cameras, positron emission tomography (including hybrid devices) and is able to plan, implement and assess (preliminary interpretation + additional images) these examinations.

(XIII) General and specific competencies in applying ionising radiation in medicine
1. The graduate has profound knowledge of applying ionising radiation in medicine and contributes this knowledge to diagnosis and therapy for the benefit of the patient, together with other professional groups and in line with the current state of research.
2. The graduate is able to identify problems concerning the application of ionising radiation in medicine and to carry out quality assurance measures.

Recommended or required reading and other learning resources / tools

Books: Bailey, D. L., Townsend, D. W., Valk, P. E., & Maisey, M. N. (2005). Positron Emission Tomography: Basic Sciences (2003. Aufl.). New York: Springer.
Bennett, P., & Oza, U. D. (2015). Diagnostic Imaging: Nuclear Medicine (2nd edition.). Elsevier Ltd, Oxford.
Cherry, S. R., Sorenson, J. A., & Phelps, M. E. (2012). Physics in Nuclear Medicine: Expert Consult - Online and Print (4th revised edition.). Philadelphia: Elsevier Ltd, Oxford.
Ditto, M. (2013). Allgemeine Strahlenschutzverordnung: Erl?uterungen und Kommentare. Novelle 2012 (1. Aufl.). Austrian Standards plus Publishing.
Donohoe, K. J., & Abbeele, A. D. V. den. (2011). Case-Based Nuclear Medicine (2. Aufl.). New York: Thieme.
Eckardt, J., Geworski, L., Lerch, H., Reiners, C., Schober, O., & Eckardt, H. v J. (2009). Empfehlungen zur Qualit?tskontrolle in der Nuklearmedizin: Klinik und Messtechnik (2. Aufl.). Schattauer GmbH, Verlag f?r Medizin und Naturwissenschaften.
Floeth, F. (2008). Aminos?ure-PET bei Hirnl?sionen: Diagnostische und prognostische Bedeutung derPositronen-Emissions-Tomographie mit dem Aminos?ure-Tracer Fluor-Ethyl-Tyrosin bei cerebralen Gliomen. Saarbr?cken: VDM Verlag Dr. M?ller.
Fogelman, I., Clarke, P. of P. S. S., Cook, G., & Gnanasegaran, G. (2008). Atlas of Clinical Nuclear Medicine (3 Rev ed.). Taylor & Francis Ltd.
Gebennus, S. (2009). Statistische Datenauswertung in der Positronen-Emissions-Tomographie: Stochastische Modellierung der Photonen-Diffusion in ?bereinstimmung mit der Boltzmann-Gleichung. Saarbr?cken: S?dwestdeutscher Verlag f?r Hochschulschriften.
Ghesani, M. (2015). Nuclear Medicine: A Case Based Approach (1. Aufl.). Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers.
Glaudemans, A. W. J. M., Medema, J., Zanten, A. K. van, Dierckx, R. A. J. O., & Ahaus, C. T. B. (2016). Quality in Nuclear Medicine (1st ed. 2016). Springer.
Goldfarb, C. R. (2011). Nuclear Medicine Board Review: Questions and Answers for Self-Assessment (3. Aufl.). New York: Thieme.
Heindel, W., Schober, O., Beyer, F., Biermann, M., & Buerke, B. (2007). PET-CT (1., . 623 Abbildungen, 37 Tabellen). Stuttgart; New York, NY: Thieme.
Kuwert, T. (2007). Nuklearmedizin: . Zus.-Arb.: Herausgegeben von U. B?ll, H. Schicha, H.-J. Biersack, W.H. Knapp, Chr. Reiners, O. Schober ... (4. Aufl.). Stuttgart; New York, NY: Thieme.
Mettler, F. A., Jr, & Guiberteau, M. J. (2012). Essentials of Nuclear Medicine Imaging (6 Rev ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier - Health Sciences Division.
Morton, K. A., Clark, P. B., & Blodgett, T. M. (2007). Diagnostic Imaging: Nuclear Medicine. Salt Lake City, Utah: Elsevier Health.
Nicoletti, R., Oberladst?tter, M., & K?nig, F. (2010). Messtechnik und Instrumentierung in der Nuklearmedizin: Eine Einf?hrung (3., ?berarbeitete Auflage.). Facultas Universit?tsverlag.
Prekeges, J. (2012). Nuclear Medicine Instrumentation (2nd Revised ed.). Burlington, Mass.: Jones & Bartlett Publ.
Ruhlmann, J. (2013). Pet in der Onkologie (Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1998). Berlin: Springer.
Schicha, H., & Schober, O. (2013). Nuklearmedizin: Basiswissen und klinische Anwendung - Unter Mitarbeit von Markus Dietlein, Wolfgang Eschner, Carsten Kobe, Klaus Kopka, Bernd Neumaier, ... Schmidt, Lars Stegger, Matthias Weckesser (7. Aufl.). Schattauer GmbH, Verlag f?r Medizin und Naturwissenschaften.
Schr?der, B. S., Schr?der, U. G., & R?del, R. (2015). Strahlenschutzkurs f?r Mediziner (3. Aufl.). Stuttgart u.a.: Thieme.
Shah, C., & Bradshaw, M. (2015). Nuclear Medicine: A Core Review. Lippincott Williams&Wilki.
Ziessman, H. (2010). Nuclear Medicine (2nd ed.). Philadelphia: Elsevier Mosby.
Ziessman, H. A., O?Malley, J. P., Thrall, J. H., & Fahey, F. H. (2013). Nuclear Medicine: The Requisites (4th Edition.). Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Ltd, Oxford.
Journals: American Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging-An open access journal. (o. J.). Accessed 1 October 2017,
European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging - incl. option to publish open access. (o. J.). Accessed 1 October 2017,
Journal of Nuclear Medicine. (o. J.). Accessed 1 October 2017,
World Journal of Nuclear Medicine. (2011). [text.serial.Journal]. Accessed 1 October 2017,

Mode of delivery


Prerequisites and co-requisites

Modules 1-3

Assessment methods and criteria

Internship assessment