The KombiMo I project on combined mobility using multimodal nodes in the greater area of Graz investigated how innovative ideas for less harmful forms of private transport can contribute to lowering pollutant levels in Graz, a city suffering from high levels of particulate matter. Ideas from this study will be incorporated in a follow-on project which will establish the multimodal nodes.
Respiratory diseases, increased risk of thrombosis, more cardiovascular disease – the impact of particulate matter on our health is shocking. Located in a natural basin, the population of Graz is naturally exposed to particularly high levels of air pollution. During 2015, for example, the annual limit value for particulate matter had already been exceeded during the first quarter of the year. That’s why innovative solutions are needed to reduce air pollution, the majority of which is caused by private transport.
Working under the auspices of Holding Graz, the KombiMo I project on combined mobility using multimodal nodes analysed the feasibility of e-taxi and e-car sharing services for the greater Graz area. Great emphasis was placed on linking these services with public transport and more sustainable forms of mobility. This was achieved through the use of so-called multimodal nodes, which are transfer points between public transport and bicycles, e-car sharing schemes and e-taxis.
The KombiMo I project analysed the feasibility of setting up e-car sharing and e-taxi schemes from a technical, organisational and customer-focused perspective. The project also considered the experiences of existing e-car sharing systems in Salzburg, Berlin and Hamburg. Together with Holding Graz, the Institute of Energy, Transport and Environmental Management at FH JOANNEUM investigated possible locations for such nodes from a technical, organisational and customer-focused perspective. FH JOANNEUM Kapfenberg also evaluated safety-relevant aspects of charging stations with regard to electrical and thermal protection systems.