Description of an industrial process for manufacturing a technological product: measuring, measuring instruments, fusion welding, soldering, bonding, riveting, bolting, turning, milling, planing, drilling, reaming, sawing, eroding, grinding, honing, lapping, polishing, casting, sintering, sheet metal forming, rolling, forging, sheet bending, deep drawing.
Aeronautical English 1 | Seminar (Se) | Coursecode: 160587101Aviation Industry English 2 SWS2 ECTS
Enhancement and expansion of foreign language skills already acquired as well as introduction to specialist terminology with a focus on business and aviation industry English (except phraseology used in aeronautical radio telephony).
Public law: Definitions of administrative law, Austrian constitution.
Air law: Sources of air law, airspace organization, regulations when crossing borders, aircraft, personnel licensing, aerodromes, obstructions, expropriations, commercial air transport, air navigation services, pilot in command, search and rescue, accident investigation, authorities and procedures, liability and insurance, penalties, rules of the air, international air law (conventions).
History of aviation, terminology, organisations, process of aircraft development from phase advance to the finished product, fundamentals of aerodynamics and flight dynamics (pressure point, neutral point, coefficient notation, polars, c-p diagram for conventional and supercritical profiles, v-n diagram, gust sensitivity), definitions and conversions of velocity (IAS, CAS, EAS, TAS), introduction to aerodynamics of supersonic aircraft, fundamentals of propulsion technology, introduction to aircraft performance (climb, calculation of range, turns).
Representation of numbers in a computer
Input/Output (streams, formatted I/O, I/O from and to files)
Functions and function overloading
Pointers and arrays
Algorithms and their implementation
Introduction to physics; units and systems of measurement; classical mechanics; elements of the kinetic theory of gases (gases and the notion of temperature); mechanical oscillations and waves; fundamentals of acoustics; fundamentals of optics; fundamentals of electricity (electrostatics, magnetostatics, induction)
Students should acquire fundamental knowledge of the classification of materials, the structure of metals and alloys and mechanical and physical properties of materials. Testing of materials and components; damage calculations, fatigue life expectancy of components.
Subjects of mechanics, kinematics, axioms in mechanics, plane system of forces, body force system, equilibrium conditions, centre of gravity, statically determined bearing, distribution of forces, principle of sections, trusses, beams, statics of cables, friction, work, principle of virtual displacement, stability of equilibrium.
Measurement of electric voltage, current, resistance; measurement errors; propagation of measurement errors; measurement of time-varying physical quantities using oscilloscopes.
Aeronautical English 2 | Seminar (Se) | Coursecode: 160587201English for Aeronautical Engineering 2 SWS2 ECTS
Enhancement of foreign language skills already acquired as well as expansion of specialist terminology with a focus on English in science and aeronautical engineering (except phraseology used in aeronautical radio telephony).
Functions with multiple variables; partial derivatives; extremums of functions in multiple variables; multiple integrals; ordinary differential equations; systems of ordinary differential equations; Laplace transformation.
Applied Mathematics 2 | Integrated course (iL) | Coursecode: 160587210Probability Theory and Statistics 2 SWS2 ECTS
Probability theory: concept of probability; permutations and combinations; random variables and distributions; mean and variance; binomial, Poisson, and normal distribution;
Statistics: random sampling; confidence intervals; testing of hypotheses; quality control; chi-squared test; regression analysis; parameter estimation.
During the lecture, the basics of navigation procedures in general as well as the wind triangle, determination of direction, time, radio navigation, geography and cartography are imparted. The wind triangle, the use of the navigation computer, and concrete navigation examples are further topics of the course. Students work out concrete radio navigation procedures on PC-based simulators in small teams and apply them in practice. The use of aeronautical charts for various navigational tasks is also trained in practice.
The structure of the atmosphere and the basic concepts of meteorology are worked out in this course. Based on these concepts, the formation of weather, the global circulation and the aviation climatology on given routes are imparted. In the specific part of aeronautical meteorology the focus is on hazards, the aeronautical codes (METAR, TAF, TREND,...), the warning formats (SIGMET, AIRMET) as well as on the interpretation of charts (SIGCHART, UPPER LEVEL WIND AND TEMPERATURE CHARTS). The lecture is rounded off by a chapter about the working methods of modern meteorology.
Introduction to general business administration
The organisation as a socio-economic system
Constitutive framework decisions
Markets and Sales
Human Resource Management
Investment and Finance
CAX 1 | Construction practical (KU) | Coursecode: 160587205Fundamentals of Design and Mechanical Components 3 SWS3 ECTS
Short introduction to interfaces and procedures relevant to the design engineer within the product development process; presentation, properties, manual analytical dimensioning and practical problems of the most important mechanical components for applications in the field of aviation and simultaneous introduction to technical drawing and concept definition.
Extension of programming skills by object-oriented C++ concepts; transition to the core of the programming language C++; implementation of graphical user interfaces with the aid of C++.
Technological Foundations 2 | Integrated course (iL) | Coursecode: 160587207Introduction to Aircraft Electronic Systems 3 SWS3 ECTS
Basic electrical quantities and measuring techniques; electric circuit; basic circuits for direct current; power sources; resistance; electric field and capacitor; magnetic field and inductance; matching transformers; basic circuits for alternating current; semiconductor physics; diodes; diode circuits; transistors; transistor circuits; operational amplifiers; filters; A/D and D/A converters; digital circuits.
In the course Strength of Materials 1, the distribution of forces inside of bodies is investigated. In order to describe those distributed forces, an additional mathematical expression has to be introduced: the tensor (stress tensor). Bodies are no longer seen as rigid but can be deformed. Material laws connect the stresses with the deformations. Nominal stresses are determined in bodies which are idealised by using an exact mechanical model. These nominal stresses are then compared with allowable stresses derived from a chosen material. In that sense, also the deformations arising under actual loads are calculated in order to decide if they can be justified for a correct design. Contents: stresses, strains, material laws, tension / compression of rods, bending of beams, lateral force bending, torsion, energy methods (also as a basis for numerical methods), failure criteria.
Elective Courses in Aviation Foundations | Integrated course (iL) | Coursecode: 160587212Certification of Aeronautical Equipment 2 SWS2 ECTS
Elective Courses in Aviation Foundations | Integrated course (iL) | Coursecode: 160587213General Radio Telephone Operator’s Certificate for Aeronautical Service 2 SWS2 ECTS
Preparation for the practical part of the examination for the General Radio Telephone Operator’s Certificate for Aeronautical Service by means of exercises. Step-by-step instruction in practical units (VFR; IFR; IFR-VFR; VFR-IFR). Each unit starts with the demonstration of an example. Students then work out each level of exercises and observe the achievements of their classmates
Soldering techniques and prototyping of circuits; analog+D5 circuit design; applications using microprocessors.
Aeronautical English 3 | Seminar (Se) | Coursecode: 160587301English for Aeronautical Technology 2 SWS2 ECTS
Enhancement and expansion of foreign language skills and specialist terminology with a focus on aeronautical technology; expansion of professional and academic reading and writing skills.
Aircraft Technology 1 | Integrated course (iL) | Coursecode: 160587303Avionics and Air Traffic Control Technology 3 SWS4 ECTS
Overview of CNS/ATM systems (VOR, DME, NDB/ADF, ILS, MLS, GNSS, primary radar, ATCRBS, Mode S, VHF-, HF-COM, data link); concepts of signal transfer using the example of voice communication (modulation, wave propagation); concepts of signal transfer using the example of the Mode-S radar (coding, error control); system analysis (noise, assembly of electronic components, transmitter and receiver, link budget); approval and certification of avionic components; avionics buses (ARINC, Mil-STD); system architecture; reliability and redundancy concepts.
Analysis: line, surface and volume integrals (discussion of work, flows, circulations); integral theorems of Gauß and Stokes (transformation of differential equations into integral equations); partial differential equations using the examples of wave and heat conduction equations; solution by separation and Fourier expansion; solution by Fourier transform.
Numerical methods: error problems in numerics; solution of systems of linear equations (direct, indirect methods); zeros of transcendental functions (Newton, bisection method, ...); quadrature (numerical integration); solution of ordinary differential equations (Runge-Kutta method); approximation of point sets (fitting of curves, least squares); solution of partial differential equations using the example of the finite difference method for the heat conduction equation.
Students gain technical drawing skills using 3D design software and practical design problems in aircraft construction. Industry practices and standards are considered and the design process is presented (idea, sketch, conceptual design, design procedure, detailed design, design optimisation).
Introduction to the software package MATLAB/SIMULINK.
MATLAB: general introduction; vectors and matrices; vector-oriented programming; scripts and functions; MATLAB-graphics; creation of GUIs;
SIMULINK: general introduction; simulation of dynamic systems with block diagrams; introduction to Stateflow
Kinetics of a particle, inclined throw with and without resistance, vibrations (undamped, damped, forced), work, power, potential, work law, energy law, law of gravitation, central force, central force motion, kinetics of a system of particles (Newton's second law of motion, principle of linear momentum, principle of angular momentum, work law, energy law, impact of two particles, bodies with changing mass), motion of a rigid body (kinematics, kinetics of rotation around a fixed axis, kinetics of plane motion, kinetics of spatial motion, work, energy, power, mass moment of inertia), relative motion of a particle.
Fundamentals of Thermodynamics (thermal properties of state, process properties, working cycles), introduction to kinetic gas dynamics, zeroth law of thermodynamics, first law of thermodynamics (open and closed systems), second law of thermodynamics (introduction to the principles of entropy, irreversible processes, exergy and anergy, Carnot cycle efficiency), third law of thermodynamics, changes of state (isobar, isochor, isotherm, isentrop, polytrop), ideal gases, gas mixtures, real gases, phase diagrams, water vapour, steam power plants, flow processes.
Problems and basic procedures in designing aircraft; description of aircraft (historical development).
Development of civil and military aircraft based on demand analyses and tactical requirements as well as a short discussion of development phases.
Fundamental calculations of aerodynamic forces and moments, especially assessment of drag during subsonic, transonic and supersonic flow in preliminary design phase; presentation of typical features of different propulsion systems and the most important flight attitudes in the field of flight dynamics for the conceptual design of aircraft.
Preparations for the installation of engines (intake, nacelle, tail, jet) in consideration of the conditions during subsonic, transonic and supersonic flow; methods for estimating masses of fuselages and aircraft systems; impact of geometry on masses; weight estimation of commercial aircraft.
Operational range of commercial aircraft.
Insights into various production processes in the aviation industry and the related process operations, control sequences and quality assurance procedures. Acquisition of fundamental knowledge in the fields of: CFRP (carbon fibre-reinforced plastic) production (history and future); forming techniques; casting and welding; surface treatment and coating; installation, mounting and fitting techniques (automation technology in aeronautical engineering); chip removal (most advanced chip removal methods in aeronautical engineering).
The lecture covers all parts of project management that are necessary to professionally run a project. It includes PM theories as well as the practical usage of PM tools. The content is aligned with international PM standards (like IPMA and PMI) and is the basis for a PM certification. The methods taught are the following:
1) General project and programme management (PM and PrgMng)
2) Management of projects and programmes
3) Social skills
4) Management of project-oriented organizations
Part of 1) are definitions of PM, PrgMng and also project chains, project networks and others.
Part 2) is the core of the PM methods used to start, run and close down a project. Typical methods like GANT charts are included as well as methods like the cross-reference matrix.
Part 3) looks at social skills. Its content features are practical standard methods like reflexion or methods to overcome conflicts as well as communication and leadership theories to solve difficult situations.
The last part deals with different organizational forms of companies where PM is integrated, with advantages, disadvantages, challenges and solutions to problems.
- Historical review
- Definition of fluid mechanics
- Review of mathematical basics, operators, tensors
- Properties of Newtonian fluids
- Definition of viscosity
Fundamental equations, differential conservation equations:
- Definition of substantial derivatives
- Definition Eulerian vs. Lagrangian equations
- Derivation of equations of motion in Euler coordinates (conservation of mass, momentum and energy, general transport equation)
- Definition and explanation of rate of angular deformation, rotation, shear, and stress tensor
- Derivation of Navier-Stokes equations for Cartesian coordinates
- Specialisation in time-independent, fully developed flow in Cartesian and cylindrical coordinates on the basis of exercises
- Euler equations
- Derivation of Bernoulli’s Equation for time-independent flow and potential fields
- Time-independent stream tube theory
- Specialisation in Navier-Stokes equations as applied to fluids at rest and uniformly accelerated fluids (hydrostatics and aerostatics, physics of the atmosphere, uniformly spinning bodies)
Fundamental equations, integral conservation equations:
- Integral notation of conservation of mass and momentum
- Two-dimensional time-independent flow (non-viscous and viscous)
- Forces in flow around and through bodies (time-independent)
- Examples of diffuser and nozzle (Carnot diffuser vs. ideal diffuser)
- Angular momentum, Euler’s turbine equation
- Flow in turbomachines, characteristic curves, operating behaviour
- Derivation of non-dimensional numbers from Navier-Stokes equations
- Description of flow on the basis of non-dimensional numbers (Reynolds, Froude, Strouhal, Euler, Mach)
- Similarity theory, similarity law, scale model testing
Technological Foundations 4 | Integrated course (iL) | Coursecode: 160587406Fundamentals of Control Engineering and Systems Theory 3 SWS4 ECTS
Introduction of block diagram and signal flow graph algebra;
description and properties of linear dynamic systems in the time domain; state space representation and complete analytical solution; transformations and canonical forms; modal analysis; stability, transient and steady-state responses of linear systems; frequency domain; frequency response; pole-zero analysis; interrelation of time and frequency domains; state feedback control; state feedback controller structures; analysis and design of simple linear controls in the frequency domain (Nyquist diagram / root locus curve / frequency curve); ruggedness and static margins.
Application of working cycles, Carnot cycle; hot gas engines: Stirling cycle; combustion engines: standard cycles of Otto, Diesel and Seilinger; gas turbines and jet engines: standard cycles of Joule and Ericson; real cycles; counterclockwise working cycles (refrigeration systems, heat pumps), COP, refrigerants, Clausius-Rankine cycle; humid air (foundations of gas-steam mixtures, changes of state in the h,x-diagram of Mollier); foundations of combustion (composition of fuels, heating value, combustion calculation, air requirement); heat transfer (stationary and transient heat conduction, free and forced thermal convection, heat radiation).
Elective Courses in Aircraft Technology 2 | Integrated course (iL) | Coursecode: 160587413Model-Based Systems Development 3 SWS5 ECTS
Systems engineering fundamentals, Systems Engineering process and project cycle, management issues, systems design, analysis and modelling, validation and verification, engineering specialities,
Elective Courses in Aircraft Technology 2 | Integrated course (iL) | Coursecode: 160587411Numerical Analysis of Structures (FEM) 3 SWS5 ECTS
Students gain skills in the practical application of FEM software together with comprehensive theoretical background knowledge.
Completing a technical task that corresponds to the student's level of education under supervision and writing the first bachelor's thesis. The course also serves as a case study of project management and technical documentation.
Basic methods of description; complex function; ideal and potential flow: velocity potential, stream function, basic flow models, investigation of fixed and rotated cylinder in potential flow, lift generation, D’Alambert paradox, real flow around the wing section; simplified calculation of lift generated on the thin plate and airfoil, lift generation theory, Kutta-Joukowsky law and condition, lift on thin plate in real flow, lift as function of angle of attack, maximum lift, effects of wing mechanisms (flaps, slots); drag, components of the drag, induced drag, parasite drag and its components; airfoil theory: geometrical and aerodynamic characteristics of airfoils, polar curve diagrams, moments generated on the airfoils; finite wing theory; boundary layer theory; aerodynamic characteristics of bodies like fuselage; fundamentals of gas dynamics: speed of sound, aerodynamic heating, equation for description of the normal and oblique shock waves, polar curve diagrams of shock waves; high-speed aerodynamics: profiles at high subsonic speed, airfoils in supersonic flow, Ackeret theory, characteristics of swept-back wings and delta wings, aerodynamics of supersonic aircraft; propeller analysis; specific topics of aerodynamics.
Laboratory measurement: basic measurements in fluid mechanics (velocity, flow rate, etc.), measurements of aerodynamics of a cylinder, airfoil, turbine blades; elements of CFM/CFD: basic elements, complex function and panel methods (cylinder); investigation into results of CFM/CFD calculation of airfoil, wing and aircraft aerodynamics; determining the aerodynamic characteristics of the chosen aircraft (lift, drag, polar curve calculation).
Aeronautical English 5 | Seminar (Se) | Coursecode: 160587502Professional Communication and Presentation 2 SWS2 ECTS
Enhancement and expansion of foreign language and presentation skills in aeronautics.
Design diagrams of tactical aircraft; weight estimation of tactical aircraft; aerodynamic design: general problems; profile design (conventional, roof-top and transonic profile); wing shapes in regard to operational requirements and new technologies (wings with variable sweepback, wings with strakes, double delta wings, transonic wings, post-stalling wings); shaping of the fuselage; preliminary design of tail unit; essential aspects of design in respect of stability and controls; optimisation of complete aircraft configuration; economic efficiency of the design; aerodynamic problems, solutions and procedures when designing an aircraft. Techniques of aircraft design: essential aspects of design; preliminary design and design; parametric design and optimisation techniques as procedures in the preliminary design phase; design diagram as a graphic tool; differences in design between tactical aircraft and transport aeroplanes; statistical registration of realised aircraft types; design cycle; determination of design diagrams of commercial aircraft; calculation of aircraft performances.
Types and fundamentals of reciprocating engines; mechanical function and thermodynamics of reciprocating and internal combustion engines; structure, function and component design of reciprocating engines; types and examples of aircraft engines; propeller drives.
Aircraft Technology 3 | Integrated course (iL) | Coursecode: 160587504Rotorcraft and Unmanned Aerial Systems 1 SWS1 ECTS
Design of rotorcraft, vertical flight, horizontal flight, rotary-wing dynamics and aerodynamics, unmanned aerial systems.
Basic terms and definitions; equations of motion;
aerodynamic forces and moments; modelling of propulsion systems;
sensors and actuators; the atmosphere and the Earth; simulation of non-linear flight-dynamic models; trimming and steady-state flight;
linearisation and dynamic modes; flying and handling qualities;
introduction to flight control systems.
Scientific Working Techniques | Seminar (Se) | Coursecode: 160587509Scientific Working Techniques 2 SWS2 ECTS
Students are introduced to basic scientific methods, which they practise with a view to the requirements imposed by the bachelor's thesis. Preparation: choice of topic and planning; searching for and processing of materials; structuring; manuscript organisation and formatting (template).
Elective Courses in Aircraft Technology 3 | Construction practical (KU) | Coursecode: 160587512Applied Design 4 SWS5 ECTS
Introduction to the methodical application of CAD tools, design of aircraft parts in project teams.
Elective Courses in Aircraft Technology 3 | Integrated course (iL) | Coursecode: 160587513Electrical Aircraft Systems and Digital Avionics 4 SWS5 ECTS
Elements of the electrical busbar system, electrodynamics and electric machines, generators, batteries, transformer-rectifier unit, electro-mechanical actuators, integrated modular avionics.
The major areas include lightweight design and principles, lightweight materials, lightweight parameters, stress analysis, introduction to the Finite Element Method, strain gauge measurement, equivalent stress, plasticity, assessment of stresses, stress intensity, lightweight idealizations (shear flow in web panels, torsion of thin-walled sections), loss of stability (buckling of columns, flexural-torsional buckling, instability of transversely loaded columns, buckling of plates and shells).
Elective Courses in Aircraft Technology 3 | Integrated course (iL) | Coursecode: 160587511Plastics and Composites Technology 2 SWS3 ECTS
Materials (plastics, reinforcement materials, fabrics, tapes, prepregs, core materials), manufacturing process, micro- and macromechanics of the lamina and laminate, laminate layup, analysis and dimensioning of composite structures using the classical laminate theory and failure criteria, joints and force transmission (mechanical linkage, adhesive bonding), design in composites (solid laminate and sandwich structures), damage tolerance and repair.
The Internship Aviation 1 is offered in the focus area Aviation Licences to prepare the acquisition of the commercial Airline Transport Pilot/ATC-Controller/Part-66 Licence. The internship takes place at an airline, an ANSP or a maintenance organisation.
Completing a technical task that corresponds to the student's level of education under supervision and writing the second bachelor's thesis.
Technology and Society | Integrated course (iL) | Coursecode: 160587602Innovation and Technology Strategies in the Aviation Industry 2 SWS2 ECTS
Overview of the current changes in global aviation with regard to innovative technologies and strategies.
The three main chapters are:
- General basics about innovation management, strategy as well as economical and technological evaluation of innovation projects
- Current trends and specific innovations in the aviation industry; starting with relatively “simple“ innovations, like the optimization of fuel economy in an airline operation, then describing current technological innovations at the aircraft OEMs and finally discussing possible future platforms and concepts, e.g. fully electric aircraft
- Conclusion of the lecture are some flexibly composed additional chapters, practical calculations, a Q&A-session and preparation for the exam
Technology and Society | Integrated course (iL) | Coursecode: 160587601Management Systems 3 SWS3 ECTS
Quality assurance, environmental- and safety management
Fundamentals of quality assurance, environmental- and safety management:
introduction to quality management and quality management requirements; introduction to sustainable environmental management and the implementation of environmental management systems; introduction to methods and scientific models of safety and risk management as well as safety culture; causes of incidents and accidents as well as introduction to methods of risk analysis and error probability / safety assessment
The Internship Aviation 2 is offered in the focus area Aviation Licences and prepares the acquisition of a commercial Airline Transport Pilot/ATC-Controller/Part-66 Licence. The internship takes place at an airline, an ANSP or a maintenance organisation.